Banteay Srei or Banteay Srey (Khmer: ប្រាសាទបន្ទាយស្រី) is a 10th century Cambodian temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. Located in the area of Angkor in Cambodia. It lies near the hill of Phnom Dei, 25 km (16 mi) north-east of the main group of temples that once belonged to the medieval capitals of Yasodharapura and Angkor Thom.[1] Banteay Srei is built largely of red sandstone, a medium that lends itself to the elaborate decorative wall carvings which are still observable today. The buildings themselves are miniature in scale, unusually so when measured by the standards of Angkorian construction. These factors have made the temple extremely popular with tourists, and have led to its being widely praised as a "precious gem", or the "jewel of Khmer art.

Consecrated on the 22nd of April, 967 A.D.[4], Bantãy Srĕi was the only major temple at Angkor not built by a monarch; its construction is credited to a courtier named Yajnavaraha / Yajñavarāha (modern Khmer: យជ្ញវរាហៈ), who served as a counsellor to king Rājendravarman II (modern Khmer: ព្រះបាទរាជេន្រ្ទវរ្ម័ន).The foundational stela says that Yajñavarāha, grandson of king HarM79;avarman I was a scholar and philanthropist who helped those who suffered from illness, injustice, or poverty.[5] His pupil was the future king Jayavarman V (r. 968- ca. 1001) Originally, the temple was surrounded by a town called Ī"7;varapura.
+ It has been speculated that the temple's modern name,Bantãy Srĕi, is due to the many devatas carved into the red sandstone walls.

Yajñavarāha's temple was primarily dedicated to the Hindu god "6;iva. Originally, it was carried the name Tribhuvanamahe"7;vara — great lord of the threefold world — in reference to the Shaivite liM49;ga that served as its central religious image.[6] However, the temple buildings appear to be divided along the central east-west axis between those buildings located south of the axis, which are devoted to "6;iva, and those north of the axis, which are devoted to ViM79;M51;u.

The temple's modern name, Bantãy Srĕi — citadel of the women, or citadel of beauty — is probably related to the intricacy of the bas relief carvingsfound on the walls and the tiny dimensions of the buildings themselves.[6]Some have speculated that it relates to the many devatas carved into the walls of the buildings